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Ip Icon Sample Rinoa3 Image
Ip Icon Sample Rinoa3
By: Frantz Leuenberger
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What is an Icon - Windows - Macintosh
What is an Icon?
This
article provides information on the following topics:

What are the differences between an image and an
icon?

What is the structure of an icon?

Which image formats should I include in my icons?

What is the RGB icon format with Alpha Channel?
Icons?

How to create an icon?
An icon is a graphic image, a small picture
or object that represents a file, program, web page, or command. Icons
help you execute commands, open programs or documents quickly. To execute
a command by using an icon, click or double-click on the icon. It is also
useful to recognize quickly an object in a browser list. For example,
all documents using the same extension have the same icon.
That's
almost all you need to know if you only use icons. But to create icons,
you need to more about them. What's the difference between a standard
image and an icon image? What's the structure of an icon? How to create
an icon which will display correctly on all screen configurations (size,
colors...)? Can we save an icon to a file? Can we assemble several icons
into one file? What about the new Windows® XP icon format?
What are the differences between an image and an icon?
A
computer image is a bitmap (composed of pixels) or vector (composed of
drawing paths) picture, which can be saved using various formats (BMP,
PSD, GIF, JPEG, WMF...). All these formats have several different properties
(bitmaps, vectors, compressed, layered, animated...) and can be used to
store pictures at any sizes and resolution.
Icons
are different from standard images. They are have standard sizes (usually
ability to include transparent areas. This allows seeing the screen background
behind the icon within its square image (see illustration below).
Top of Page
What is the structure of an icon?
An icon is a group
of images of various formats (size and colors). Furthermore, each image
can include transparent area. That's why you'll find a transparent color
parameter using an alpha channel for the new RGB/A image format
You
need to include several images in an icon to permit Windows® or Macintosh®
OS to choose the appropriate format when displaying it on screen. It may
change based on screen number of colors and display location. For example,
The Macintosh® OSX
create smooth transparency and permits nice resize effects .
This is very important to create several
image formats in an icon (especially if you whish to redistribute it)
includes a powerful feature which permits to create new formats based on existing images
in a few clicks.
edition of OSX
Top of Page
Which image formats should I include in my icons?
To be compatible with all display cases
and screen configurations, you must consider creating icons containing
various image formats. See below the minimum and recommended formats for different OS versions:
Examples of scaling ratios applied to some common icon sizes:
Below is a summary of the standard image formats that should be included in icons. If an image format
Top of Page
What is the RGB icon format with Alpha Channel?
coded in RGB plus an additional opacity channel. This channel is called
See the illustration below to understand how channels are organized in
an RGB/A image.
This is a new image format that you can
find in new generation of icons. This image format is called Windows®
The main advantage of this image format
is that it permits to display a smooth transparency in icons. The resulting
image is displayed with smooth contours on all backgrounds. It permits
also to create dropped shadows behind icons. This interesting effect,
which is recommended by Microsoft, is usually used in Windows® XP icons.
The following illustration
shows the difference between a standard image format transparency (in
Windows® and Macintosh® icons support
the reason why you need to include other standard formats in your icons.
Top of Page
Can we save an icon to a file?
icon file. If you want to group several icons in a file you must create
a library (see below).
fully support Windows® and Macintosh® icon files. You can create, read
is used to transfer icons between Windows® and Macintosh® preserving Macintosh®resource
Top of Page
Can we save several icons into one file?
Yes, you can assemble several icons in one file called
an Icon Library. The extension for a standard Icon Library is ICL.
fully supports ICL files. It can create, read and save ICL library files.
Furthermore, ICL is fully supported by all versions of Windows®. For example,
you can customize a Windows® shortcut by selecting a new icon in an ICL
file. If you manage a large number of icons, we recommend you to store
them in ICL files. ICL file size is limited to 64MB.
Creation of Macintosh® icon libraries is not yet supported
However you can read RSRC files with several icons embedded as well as
Icontainer libraries. Additionally you can save Macintosh® icons in ICL
files. A small overlay image permits to distinguish them in Axialis IconWorkshopä. However you won't be able
to open those ICL files under Macintosh®OS. Future versions of Axialis
Macintosh® icon library creation.
Top of Page
Icons?
icons now includes the following image formats (grayed formats are optional):
64x64 - RGB/A
48x48 - RGB/A
The problem is: if you simply make the
icon and save it in standard Windows® XP ICO format, the resulting file
Network Graphic) because it has a good lossless ratio and supports alpha
channel. The compressed icon sizes are
Top of Page
How to create an icon?
Graphics are among the primary ways of advertising the
sale of goods or services. This is true for computing when designing software
or website interfaces. The primary solution is to draw icons using either
an image or vector
to convert this image
to an icon. If you don't use an external image editor,
contains some drawing tools that
permit you to draw your own icons.
Using Image Objects
Most of us are not graphic designers
and we have a problem when it comes to create attractive icons or web
Image Objects are the answer.
The solution is to use a set of image objects already
done by a skilled computer graphic artist, and assembling them together
to create a final artwork that will match your needs. Using a set of existing
image objects the possibilities are almost infinite. You can create many
different icons or graphics simply by adjusting various parameters of
each object like Hue (tint), Saturation, Brightness, Contrast, Size, Opacity
and more:
This association can be easily
using a few mouse clicks and drag-and-drops. Creating different versions
of an icon is very easy with an object pack. See below some examples of
the help icon made in a few minutes simply using the mouse and without
drawing one pixel (non-exhaustive list of course!):
Top of Page
Related Topics
make cursors
Send us feedback about the site.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows XP, Windows Vista are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation
Adobe, Flash, Photoshop, Illustrator are registered trademarks of Adobe System Incorporated
Apple, AppStore, Ipod, iPhone, iPad are registered trademarks of Apple Inc

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